PCL injury

We’ve talked about the ACL, now we come upon its equally important cousin, the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL). Like the rest of the knee ligaments, the PCL works with them all to provide stability within the knee joint. It originates from the anterior (front) part of the femur and attaches to the posterior (back) part of the tibia. The ACL, as mentioned previously, originates form the posterior part of the femur and attaches to the anterior part of the tibia.

The PCL is important in ensuring stability within the joint by stopping the posterior movement of the tibia in respect of the femur.

Injury to the PCL is less common than an ACL injury. PCL tears are usually due to direct blows to a bent knee. This could be when you have an accident and your knee receives a direct blow from the dashboard. You may also be tackled in certain ball sports, while having your knees bent. Another common method is through extreme hyperextension.

Regardless of the cause, it is imperative that you get your injured knee looked at by a trusted physiotherapist. Prolonged sport activity is usually impossible due to pain as well as instability within the knee. Patients would normally report of a poorly localized posterior pain that is deep within the joint. Depending on the severity of the injury, your rehabilitation will differ. Conservative management is usually done before surgical intervention is advised. However, please talk to your physio before you make your next move.

Our physios at Capital Physiotherapy will ensure that you are looked after from the start. This means making sure we not only confirm a PCL tear, but also rule out other injuries. We will also provide a treatment plan that will include the goal of you going back to your chosen sport. This plan will include what we need to do, what exercises you require and many more important details to get you back to your best. By getting your injured knee early, you will have the best outcome quickly!

If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us and we would love to be a part of your journey back living your life the way you want it to be!

Meniscus Injury

The knee joint is a relatively complex joint with multiple structures that works together to provide both stability and movement in the knee joint. A part of the knee that is quite commonly injured is the meniscus. This is an injury that Luke Hodge had back in May 2016.

The meniscus are 2 structures within the knee joint. As you can see from the picture, you have a Medial Meniscus and a Lateral Meniscus, both shaped in a circular fashion.

These structures has a few important functions within the knee joint. The most important function is they act as shock absorbers and load distributor. They are sponges that reduce the stress going through the bones; thereby reducing wear and tear in the joint.

The meniscus can be injured in several ways. Injury to the meniscus can be due to a gradual build of stress, which may occur with repeated or prolonged squatting/kneeling. An athlete may also injure their meniscus if they try to turn/pivot on their knees too quickly; this will result in a partial or a total tear.

Once a tear has occurred, it is important that the knee is assessed to find out how severe the injury is. Depending on the severity, a period of conservative management may be enough to get you back playing your sport. However, more serious injury such as the ‘bucket handle tear’, may require you to undergo an arthroscopy. In saying this, if you have a knee injury, come visit us at Capital Physiotherapy. Our physiotherapists have a lot of experience dealing with these types of injury. They will spend the time with you to make sure they get the right diagnosis as well as give you the correct treatment plan that you need to get better quickly!

So don’t hesitate, and get that knee looked after now. Capital Physiotherapy is ready to help you!

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, or PFPS, can be a very debilitating condition which can stop you from doing a lot of activities. At its worse, most patient will report of pain and inability to walk far.

PFPS is a term given to describe pain around the knee cap. This is usually due to repetitive damage around the knee cap as it contacts abnormally with the femur. Most patient will report of having a gradual build up of pain. Initially, the pain is niggling but does not stop a person from doing their exercises. Continued activity result in increasing pain which will in turn stop them from participating further. With rest, the pain would abate. However, returning to sport is usually short lived due to the returning pain.

There are multiple causes of PFPS. This include:

  • Foot and ankle misalignment
  • Poor hip control
  • Poor core strength
  • Leg length discrepancies
  • Poor training schedule (not enough rest, sudden increase in intensity)

Usually there are multiple factors that contribute to PFPS. It is important that you seek a trusted physiotherapist that can do a comprehensive assessment on your body. Taking the time with the assessment will result in identifying the causative factors, which means a better prognosis! You can trust our physiotherapists at Capital Physiotherapy to understand your body and get you back on track! Our initial appointments are industry-leading 1 hour. This gives our physiotherapists time to do full assessment, to make sure you are looked after!

Depending on what caused your PFPS, you may expect your physio at Capital Physiotherapy to:

  • Reduce any muscular tightness
  • Give exercises to improve muscle control
  • Suggest different types of footwear, or refer you onto our trusted network of podiatrists
  • Help plan an exercise program to make sure your body do not burn out

Our physiotherapists are trained at making sure all your concerns are listened to and provide you the best care you need.

If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact Capital Physiotherapy. Our physio clinics are located in Footscray, South Yarra, and Balwyn.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

The knee joint itself involves a multitude of structures to keep it stable and strong. The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one such structure that helps achieve these objectives. It originates from the posterior (back) part of the femur and attaches to the anterior (front) part of the tibia. The Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) meanwhile, originates from the anterior part of the femur and attaches to the posterior part of the tibia. These two ligaments crosses in the middle and provide specific stabilities to the knee.

The ACL is important in securing the knee joint by preventing the forward movement and rotation of the tibia (lower leg bone) in respect of the femur (thigh bone).

There are many ways that a knee can be injured. On the one hand, there could be an obvious traumatic incident, where you were tackled while playing football. On the other hand, it could also be due to an inconspicuous activity, where you were simply running and trying to turn one way and injured yourself.

Most ACL injuries, in fact, are done via the later method. There may also have been a factor of jumping/landing prior to the injury.

A full tear of the ACL, may actually not cause significant amount of pain in some cases. In fact, some athletes would feel that they can continue their sporting commitments, only to find themselves unable to perform due to significant instability in the knee joint.

It is highly suggested that you stop your activities and seek diagnosis immediately. Our physios at Capital Physiotherapy are trained to ensure you get the correct diagnosis first and foremost. They will spend the time that is required to make you feel at ease and give you the correct advice that you need. Our appointments are 1-on-1 which ensures you get the most out of your physiotherapy sessions. A treatment plan will be drafted for you, so that you can go back to your best quickly! Capital Physiotherapy is also able to get you crutches as well as braces if required.

In the meantime, make sure you RICE; Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation!

Why Do I Have Knee pain? Quick Fix For PFPS

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, or PFPS, can be a very debilitating condition which can stop you from doing a lot of activities. At its worse, most patient will report of pain and inability to walk far.

PFPS is a term given to describe pain around the knee cap. This is usually due to repetitive damage around the knee cap as it contacts abnormally with the femur. Most patient will report of having a gradual build up of pain. Initially, the pain is niggling but does not stop a person from doing their exercises. Continued activity result in increasing pain which will in turn stop them from participating further. With rest, the pain would abate. However, returning to sport is usually short lived due to the returning pain.

There are multiple causes of PFPS. This include:

  • Poor Activation of VMO
  • Poor Hip Control
  • Tight ITB and lateral Quads (tight lateral knee structures)
  • Poor training habits
  • Leg length discrepency

Usually there are multiple factors that contribute to PFPS. It is important that you seek a trusted physiotherapist that can do a comprehensive assessment on your body. Taking the time with the assessment will result in identifying the causative factors, which means a better prognosis! You can trust our physiotherapists at Capital Physiotherapy to understand your body and get you back on track!

Depending on what caused your PFPS, you may expect your physio at Capital Physiotherapy to:

  • Reduce any muscular tightness
  • Give exercises to improve muscle control
  • Suggest different types of footwear, or refer you onto our trusted network of podiatrists
  • Help plan an exercise program to make sure your body do not burn out

Our physiotherapists are trained at making sure all your concerns are listened to and provide you the best care you need.

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